Wednesday, April 26, 2017

Articles: Sicily, August 3 - 11, 1943 - Pt 14.

Near the End of Canada's Days in Sicily

Allied troops close to Messina. Canadian Navy boys are about done.

Canadian Army boys hand out biscuits. Happy days.
Photo credits - The Winnipeg Tribune, Aug. 3 1943

Introduction:

Members of the Canadian Army and Navy would not have crossed paths more than a few times - if at all - during the invasion and 'clean up' of Sicily.

Beachheads and supplies (food, fuel, ammunition, new weapons, clothing, mail, etc.), delivered by ship and transported to shore by some Canadians in RCNVR and Combined Operations, were concentrated in the southeast corner of Sicily, e.g., south of Syracuse on the east coast. And the battle front was moving slowly - as were Canadian troops -  toward the northeast corner of Sicily, toward the city of Messina, just a few miles away from e.g., Reggio de Calabria on the toe of the boot of Italy.

Canadian sailors were days away from receiving orders to exit "The Savoy" (limestone caves, i.e., their accommodation, near Avola, south of Syracuse) and transport their landing craft to Malta for rest, recuperation and repair. (Members of the Canadian 80th Flotilla of LCMs would participate in the invasion of Italy, about one month away).

About the last days on Sicily, August 1943, my father (of RCNVR and Combined Operations) writes:

One morning in Sicily I woke up in my hammock in our cave (the hammock was slung between two lime-stone piers and above the lizards) and I saw Hurricane planes taking off just a short distance away. We now began working eight hours on and eight hours off. When we were pretty well unloaded I decided, on my eight hours off, to investigate the air strip and, behold, they were Canadians with Hurricane fighters. I arrived about supper time and explained who I was and was invited for a supper of tomatoes and bully beef... Not that again!

“I have no mess fanny or spoon,” I said, and the cook told me there were some fellows washing theirs up and to ask one of them for the loan of their mess fanny and spoon. So I walked over, tapped a man’s shoulder and asked if I could borrow his equipment. The man straightened up and said “sure” and it turned out to be Bill Donnelly from my own hometown of Norwich, Ontario.

I got my oppo, A/B Buryl McIntyre from the cave and did the vino ever run that night. Small world. So when we had had enough Bill crawled into his hole in the ground, covered himself with mosquito netting, and we headed back to the cave.

Overhead, Beaufort night fighters were giving Jerry fighters and bombers hell. We felt the courage given us by the vino and slept quite soundly in our dank old cave ‘til morning rolled around again.

After approximately 27 days I came down with severe chills and then got dysentery. I was shipped to Malta on the Ulster Monarch.... (Page 34, "DAD, WELL DONE")


Avola and "The Savoy" are near Noto, lower right of map.

My father's commander, Jake Koyl, writes the following about the same time period in his memoirs:

Life Ashore -

The conditions for men ashore off duty varied. The 81st Flotilla Officer, Lieutenant Mullins, went ashore on the second day, after a day of ferrying high octane gas through air attacks, and managed to arrange with the Army for the billeting and feeding of his men at a rough camp about three minutes walk from the beach.

The 80th did not fare so well and had to fend for themselves. They found, after living and feeding from ship to ship until the 21st of July, a cattle cave near the beach, which provided shelter but was uncomfortable and dirty. Both Flotillas lived mainly from Army "Composite" rations and what meals they could get from merchant ships they were unloading.

However, there were compensations. After things settled down, there were frequent opportunities for visiting nearby Sicilian towns, and sampling (to say the least) the local wine, Vino. Leave expeditions were organized to Noto (15 kilometres away) and to Syracuse, where the Canadians patronized the Fascist Armoury which contained all manner of war trophies....

The LCM's were kept on the job for longer than had originally been planned. Port demolitions, as the Press has reported, were not very complete but they were very awkward. Bollards had been destroyed and obstructions in the water also hindered ships in coming alongside so that most of the unloading had to be done by LCI(L)'s while the ships lay at anchor in the crowded harbour, a perfect air target. Therefore a greater volume of stores had to be taken over the beaches. This proved unexpectedly difficult in the last days of the operation when ships were unloading into LCM's bulky cargoes originally intended for discharge onto the docks of Catania.

Sicily Achievement -

Emphasis has throughout this report been laid on the difficulties encountered, but it should not be forgotten that in spite of everything the projected totals of stores taken over the beaches from Landing Craft was considerably exceeded; in other words, the operation as a whole was most successful in its achievement, however hard it was on the personnel who did the job....

(From an officer's report:) "GEORGE" sector will close 1200 tomorrow 5th of August. In 25 days, during two of which we had no ships here, we have discharged 24,959 personnel, 4,871 vehicles and 19,814 tons of stores. In addition 1,900 prisoners of war have been embarked....

That is a grand job well done and it has been done due to three things, common sense, guts and real co-operation between services.

I can only hope that if there is another job to do we may have the same team. I have no doubts of the result. Good luck and thank you all!"


At the end of the 28 days, eighty LCM's in the two squadrons of three Flotillas each which had been working "GEORGE" and "HOW" sectors, remained in operation. The record of the Canadians was particularly good since only two of their craft out of twenty-two were non-operational.

In another Flotilla working the same sector, the 83rd LCM Flotilla, only three craft out of fourteen remained operational. The eighty operational LCM's proceeded under their own power down the east coast of Sicily, anchored under the shelter of Cape Passero, and made Malta the next afternoon, the 7th of August. (Page 181 - 182, Combined Operations by Londoner Clayton Marks)

Charley Sellick, Jim Ivison, Canadians in Combined Ops
In Sicily: July - August, 1943

Jack Trevor, Canadian in Combined Ops
In Sicily: July - August, 1943

A convoy of LCMs approaching Malta, August 7, 1943
Above three photographs - From the collection of Joe Spencer,
Canadian in Combined Operations. Used with permission.

* * * * *

In order to get a sense or context of the times, i.e., the last week in which the Canadians in Combined Ops worked in Sicily, readers will find below newspaper articles, photos, cartoons and movie and product ads from August 3 to August 11 issues of The Winnipeg Tribune (please link to digitized version).

Sub-Lieut. Frank Wade sent a letter home that provides a few details about the landings of the British 8th Army at Syracuse. He would not have seen members of the Canadian Army and their landings, since the Canadian troops landed south, then west, of the SE tip of Sicily. However, he may have seen Canadian landing craft (LCMs) disembarking 8th Army members.


Ross Munro's articles continue to be a regular feature in Canadian newspapers. Part of an article re our own Princess Pats follows:





Articles by Scott Young (father of Canadian singer-songwriter Neil Young) also appear on occasion:


Praise for Canadian troops and navy members appeared in the August 5, 1943 version of The Winnipeg Tribune:






Below is a snippet from Page 4 of The Tribune (Aug. 6, 1943) that mentions the role of "scores of barges" in the enemy withdrawal from Sicily. A Canadian sailor might say about their own, "Don't call 'em barges."



The "largest armada of all time" (up to that date, and including four Canadian flotillas of landing craft) is featured below:


After the Canadians in the 80th Flotilla of landing craft finish their rest, recuperation and repairs (to their craft) on Malta (August 7 - Sept. 1, 1943), they will proceed to Messina, Sicily to prepare for the invasion of Italy.

Landing craft shuttled supplies from Messina to Reggio Calabria on the toe of the boot(see below), a distance of approx. 7 miles, for about 30 days before being ordered to embark for N. Africa and then England.


The brave island of Malta features prominently in a few stories written by Canadians in Combined Ops who spent about a month there before the invasion of Italy:






Caption with above photo reads in part: "MONTY" MEETS CANADIAN OFFICERS: During a tour of the Canadian area in Sicily, Gen. Sir Bernard Montgomery, commander of the British 8th Army, dropped in on a Western Canadian infantry brigade. Standing up in the back of his car, "Monty" is seen talking with Major-General Guy Simonds, of Winnipeg (binoculars slung), commander of the 1st Canadian Division, a brigadier and the commanding officer of a Western Canadian Permanent Force unit. (Photo Credit - The Winnipeg Tribune, Aug. 7, 1943)



Many Canadians in Combined Ops who participated in the invasion of Sicily had also been active - about 11 months earlier - in the disastrous Dieppe Raid (Aug. 19, 1942). Because the Canadian sailors lost mates at Dieppe (for the first time) and some had been taken as prisoners of war, it is possible they felt avenged by the work of the "Red Patch Devils":






We will read of more "Navy Shells" hitting Italian targets near the toe of the boot because of the upcoming invasion of Italy (e.g., Operation BAYTOWN and Operation AVALANCHE), beginning September 3, 1943:





More to follow about Canadians in Combined Ops while in Malta.

Please link to Articles: Sicily, July 28-31, 1943 - Pt 13.

Saturday, April 22, 2017

Memoirs: William Eccles, at D-Day Normandy Pt. 1

"Many Troops Going Ashore" from LCI(L) 295

William Eccles, Leading Stoker, on Landing Craft Infantry (Large) 295
Photo Credit - Courtesy of William's son, Reg Eccles

Introduction:

The Allied invasion of France - at Normandy, beginning on June 6, 1944 - was a massive undertaking. Countless men and weapons of war were landed and assailed the coastline in hopes of overpowering and defeating German armies, and winning and ending World War II.

Eyewitness accounts and photographs by William Eccles - a member of the Royal Canadian Navy Volunteer Reserve (RCNVR) and Combined Operations - of day to day action from his personal vantage point aboard LCI(L) 295 are valuable and note-worthy, as they provide rare and illuminating facts and details about an event that still shapes our everyday lives in the modern era.

Where did William and LCI(L) 295 fit in, according to the grand scheme of Allied plans?

Briefly:

(From an address delivered to the Maritime Museum of Vancouver, 1995 by Lloyd Williams, with supporting data from Jim Gibb, as found in St. Nazaire to Singapore, Volume 2).

"Operation Neptune, the naval phase of Overlord, had the primary task of landing the armies of liberation on French soil, and secondly the maintenance of waterborne lines of communication and supply."

Canada supplied 110 ships and 10,000 seamen to the enterprise, about 4 per cent of the Naval contribution. HMCS Prince Henry and Prince David, luxury liners transformed into landing ships early in the year, assembled at Cowes (Isle of Wight) with other LSI(M)s, and given D-Day assignments. Prince Henry, as a Senior Officer of Landing Ships (SOLS) in Force J would carry eight assault craft of the 528th Canadian Flotilla, and Prince David, as a Senior Ship in the same force, would transport six craft of the 529th along with six Royal Marine Boats. And shortly thereafter at Cowes, after lengthy training exercises, three Canadian Flotillas of LCI(L)s arrived, the 260th, 262nd and 264th, 30 craft in all. 



The 264th Canadian Flotilla, mentioned above, was made up of 7 LCI(L)s, including LCI(L) 295, and each craft was able to carry a few hundred troops during to shore at one time.

Photo - As found on page 232 in St. Nazaire to Singapore, Vol. 2,
compiled by D.J. Lewis, Lieutenant aboard LCI 311 (above)

The next two photographs (below) supplied by Reg Eccles reveal LCI(L) 299 of the 262nd Canadian Flotilla at sea (similar in almost all respects to LCI(L) 295) and LCI(L) 125 (also part of the 262nd Canadian Flotilla) landing as close to shore as possible with troops disembarking by way of metal staircases that were attached to both sides of the LCIs.


Originals of the above were taken by RCN photographer Gilbert Milne

The map below helps to reveal the location of LCI landings on D-Day Normandy, June 6, 1944. During the landings, the 30 Canadian LCIs could be found in the British Zone, lower right.

Photo - As found on page 232 in St. Nazaire to Singapore, Vol. 2

It has been said that Canadian seamen (not rated as officers) were not allowed to carry cameras or write journals, but it is our good fortune today that many, including Mr. Eccles, did so.

About June 7, 1944, also known as 'D-Day Normandy +1' Mr. Eccles writes the following:

"We land the 400 troops at Asnelles" (a few
KM east of Arromanches, see map above). 

"My Dad and his buddies on his landing craft joking around"
Photo Credit - Courtesy of Reg Eccles

Mr. William Eccles records the following about events on June 8, 1944:


More details about HMS Cheshire, used in conjunction with SS Leopoldville, can be found at wikipedia (link).

Other photos, "never before seen", from Mr. Eccles' collection follow:

"Beach recovery units help stalled trucks, etc. in from the water" 

William Eccles, far right, with mates and officer (perhaps Lt. P.G.R. Campbell)

More to follow.

Please link to Memoirs: Frank Benoit "Bit of a Strange Story"

Photos contributed by Reg Eccles, son of William Eccles

Unattributed Photos GH